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Player FM과 저희 커뮤니티의 tootwaag 콘텐츠는 모두 원 저작자에게 속하며 Player FM이 아닌 작가가 저작권을 갖습니다. 오디오는 해당 서버에서 직접 스트리밍 됩니다. 구독 버튼을 눌러 Player FM에서 업데이트 현황을 확인하세요. 혹은 다른 팟캐스트 앱에서 URL을 불러오세요.
S01 E08 A- Form Conjugation refresherHere is a link to a google doc I have made for the class so far that you can download and open on your own:https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XS4qAEe9A-nKgUyi74q_FSu6zckXtvZY9exnEnG025w/edit?usp=sharing For quick reference to all these Conjugations I have always found the Table at the Back of the Articles of Oshkaabewis Native journal to be helpful.I make one for myself omitting an example word, and just having the conjugation components. For you though, especially as you are learning you may find the example word as very important to your learning process.This table doesn't translate well to the show notes, you can download from the google doc on the notes above:https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XS4qAEe9A-nKgUyi74q_FSu6zckXtvZY9exnEnG025w/edit?usp=sharing | VII Ending with a Vowel | VII Ending with a D | VII Ending with an NA Form Singular | VII | VII | VIIA Form Plural | VII + Wan | VII +oon | VII + oonA Form Negative Singular | Gaawiin VII+Sinoon | Gaawiin VII-d+Sinoon | Gaawiin VII+zinoonA Form Negative Plural | Gaawiin VII+sinoonin | Gaawiin VII-d+sinoonin | Gaawiin VII+zinooninRemember you can use Any Tense prefixes with all of these conjugationsGii- Past tense (triggers Initial Consonant Change) Gii-kisinaamagad (It was cold)Wii- will/want to future tense (triggers Initial Consonant Change) Wii-kimiwan (It will rain)Daa- Should would Could Future tence. Daa-waaseyaa (It should be sunny)Da- Shall future tense. Da-giizhiitaa (It shall be finished).Gii- and Wii- both cause Initial consonant change. Some consonants are hardened up:Unchanged | --> | changedb | —> | pd | —> | tg | —> | kj | —> | chz | —> | sB→P so: Gii-piinad from Biinad: vii it is clean to It was clean.D→T so: Wii-tazhishin from dazhishin: vii it is in a certain place to it will be in a certain placeG→K so: Wii-kikendaagwad From Gikendaagwad (it is known) to It will be known.J→ Ch so: Gii-chaagide from jaagide: vii It is burned up. Into Wit was burned up.Z→S So: Gii-sogipo from Zoogipo: vii it is snowing to it snowed.Also with any of these conjugations adding na, or ina as the second word of your sentence makes it a yes or no questions.So: Gaawiin ina gii-kimiwanzinoon bijiinaago? Didn’t it rain yesterday?VIIs this episode:Refresher words:Gisinaa vii: It is coldAte vii: It is in a certain placeNoondaagwad vii it is heardGimiwan vii it is rainingAwanibiisaa vii It is SprinklingAgoode vii: It is hangingWaaseyaa: vii It is sunnyMichaa: vii It is big.Giizhiitaa: vii it is done, it is readyOnizhishin: vii it is niceWese’an: vii There is a tornadoNoodin: vii It is windyGashkawan: vii there is a thick fogBiinad: vii it is cleanNiiskaadad: vii there is bad weatherMinose: vii it goes well, it is good luckBaswewe: vii it echoesMinopogwad: vii it tastes goodGikendaagwad: vii it is knownMinomaagwad: vii It smells GoodAanakwad: vii it is cloudyZoogipo: vii it is snowingMizhakwad: vii the sky is clearAabawaa: vii it is warm weatherFeel free to email me at firstname.lastname@example.org Some Great Online Resources for Learning Minnesota Ojibwe:https://ojibwe.lib.umn.edu/ I highly recommend Wendy Makoons Genius’s Ojibwe classes at UW Eau Claire, which she makes available online to everyone:https://www.uwec.edu/academics/college-arts-sciences/departments-programs/languages/academic-offerings/online-ojibwe-language-program/ I’ll be reading from and referring back to the Oshkaabewis Native Journal Volume 4 No. 1. The article about VIIs begins on page 121. You can download a PDF here:https://www.bemidjistate.edu/airc/wp-content/uploads/sites/85/2016/03/onj-vol4-num1.pdf To attend the Language table: The White Earth Tribal and Community College Ojibwe Language Table meets every Tuesday and Thursday starting around 7 and ending between 8 and 9. Zoom Meeting ID: 945 8146 7003Password: 749886