500회 우리나라 호칭 문화: '님'이라 불러도 될까요?/ 한국 귀화 시험의 현주소
Manage episode 358710846 series 2813952
진행자: 김혜연, Naomi Garyan
1. Will 'nim' do?
기사 요약: 다소 모호할 수 있는 우리나라 호칭 문화 '님,' '씨' 등에 대한 고찰
 President Yoon Suk Yeol scrapped Korea’s traditional way of counting age, in which a person is considered one at birth, and grows a year older on the first day of the new year. The revised law will go into effect in June. Some may wish the same might be done about Koreans’ way of addressing each other.
- scrapped 폐기처분하다, 철회하다
- go into effect 효력이 발생되다, 실시되다
- addressing ~에게 말을 걸다, 다루다
 Over the past two decades, a growing number of South Koreans have been using “nim” as an honorific suffix after names, or as a respectful but informal form of “you.”
- honorific 존경을 나타내는, 경칭의
- suffix 접미사
 There are some reasons behind the proliferation of “nim.” Traditionally, Koreans had a highly ordered system of addressing each other, with a single person often having multiple appellations. He or she would have an informal one for the home and among friends; an official one which people of lower ranks or age could not use without adding a title or appropriate honorifics; and a “ho,” which is similar to a pen name.
- proliferation 급증, 확산
- appellation 명칭, 호칭, 직함
- appropriate 적절한
 It is still considered rude to call an adult by his or her first name today, despite drastic changes in society. Thus, addressing someone can be rather wordy, awkward or risky -- especially in non-familial and non-professional circumstances.
- drastic 과감한, 극단적인
기사 원문: http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20230314000501
2. Naturalization exam: How difficult is it?
기사 요약: 귀화 목표 외국인 대상 주어지는 귀화 시험, 실제 한국인에게도 결코 쉽지 않은 난이도
 To become a naturalized citizen of South Korea, applicants must have a basic knowledge of the Korean language, customs and culture, which is evaluated through a written test and an interview.
- naturalized (외국인을) 귀화시키다, 귀화한
- evaluate 평가하다
 The Korea Immigration and Naturalization Aptitude Test comprises multiple-choice questions, a writing test and an oral test, which must be completed within 60 minutes. To pass, one must score at least 60 points out of 100. According to the Justice Ministry, Korean children in the fourth to sixth grades should be able to pass the test.
- comprise …으로 구성된
 As a Korea Herald reporter and a South Korean citizen of 36 years and counting, I decided to try my hand at the multiple-choice question section of the ministry’s latest sample test posted September 2022. This section accounted for 65 of the 100 total points.
- try my hand 처음으로 시도해보다
 The special process for those who are deemed to have exceptional abilities has the least number of requirements, and are not subject to requirements like a mandated period of residency, as well as a certain level of assets and income. They are also exempt from written tests.
- deemed to (…로) 여기다, 생각하다
- mandated 법에 규정된
 Of course, very few qualify for this since they must be someone who is expected to contribute greatly to the country’s interests through their expertise in fields such as science, economy, culture and sport. It was only in April of 2021 that 200 people got citizenship through this process, 10 years after the system’s introduction in 2011. In comparison, the number of newly naturalized citizens is around 10,000 people a year. In comparison, the number of newly naturalized citizens is around 10,000 people a year.
- contribute 기여하다, 이바지하다
- expertise 전문 지식, 기술
기사 원문: http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20230314000683