EP1: Mapping Business-Peace Interactions: Five Assertions for How Businesses Create Peace


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Player FM과 저희 커뮤니티의 Jason Miklian 콘텐츠는 모두 원 저작자에게 속하며 Player FM이 아닌 작가가 저작권을 갖습니다. 오디오는 해당 서버에서 직접 스트리밍 됩니다. 구독 버튼을 눌러 Player FM에서 업데이트 현황을 확인하세요. 혹은 다른 팟캐스트 앱에서 URL을 불러오세요.

Author: Jason Miklian (SUM, University of Oslo)
Main Question: How do scholars, practitioners and firms understand how businesses impact upon peace and conflict dynamics across the globe?
Main Finding: 5 main claims are made for how businesses can help support peace and reduce conflict, with varying impact and empirical validity.
Abstract: The conjunction of business and peace is a growing global phenomenon, but conducted and researched over a vast array of fields and contextual settings. This article provides theoretical order for this disparate material, illustrating cutting-edge research and highlighting the most urgent knowledge gaps to fill. Extracting findings from the business community, international organizations, and the academic community, this article maps these findings into five assertions about how businesses impact upon peace: economic engagement facilitates a peace dividend; encouraging local development facilitates local capacities for peace; importing international norms improves democratic accountability; firms can constrain the drivers or root causes of conflict; and undertaking direct diplomatic efforts with conflict actors builds and/or makes peace. These assertions provide a framework for categorizing and testing prominent business-peace arguments. They also support preliminary arguments that businesses cannot expect to be rewarded as peacebuilders just because they undertake peacebuilding activities, that economic opening only brings as much peace as a local regime will allow, and that truly courageous business-peace choices are rarely made in fragile contexts. This framework can encourage more coherent scholarly findings and more effective business engagements within the complex and challenging realm of peacebuilding.
Journal and Article Link: Business, Peace and Sustainable Development 10 (1), 3-27 (2018)
Reader: Matthew Amazon
Author contact: jason.miklian@sum.uio.no

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