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(a) few + 복수가산명사(a) little + 비가산명사fewer와 less는 각각 few와 little의 비교급이므로 마찬가지 원리.단, 말에서는 복수가산명사에도 less를 사용하는 경향이 강하며 계속 증가 추세.저자 이장원
 
A: Seoul is the capital city of Korea.B: Yes, it is.A: Sydney is the capital city of Australia.B: No, it isn’t.A: Busan is not the capital city of Korea.B: No, it isn’t.A: Seoul is not the capital city of Korea.B: Yes, it is!A: Koreans don’t eat beef.B: Yes, we do!A: Koreans don’t eat camel meat.B: No, we don’t.…
 
barely는 부정어구가 아니고, hardly는 부정어구 barely는 빈도부사가 아니고, hardly는 빈도부사I hardly eat breakfast. 아침식사를 먹는 횟수가 0에 가까움I barely eat breakfast. 아침식사를 먹는 양이 0에 가까움.He hardly made enough money for a living. 필요한 생계비를 거의 벌지 못했다.He barely made enough money for a living. 필요한 생계비를 간신히 벌었다.I hardly know her. 아주 미미하게 아는 부분이 있기는 해서 전혀 모르는 사람이라고 말할 수 없을 뿐 사실상 전혀 모르는 것이나 마찬…
 
1. 결정사 mostIt’s because most penguins live in the Souther Hemisphere, while polar bears live in the Arctic.Most water in the atmosphere is invisible water vapors.The rooms at this hotel are small, but most rooms have great views.2. 대명사 mostMost feel that they need to save money to live a comfortable life in the future.The rooms at this hotel are sm…
 
1. some은 일부, 약간 존재함을 긍정하는 맥락에, any는 일부, 약간의 존재조차 부정하는 맥락에 쓰임. I have some pens, I don’t have any pens. I don’t like some sports. I don’t like any sports. 2. 임의성/무차별성을 표현하는 강한 any, 일부성을 표현하는 약한 anyPick ANY card on the table. ANY citizen who is over the age of 18 has the right to vote. 약한 any 부정 = 일부도 존재하지 않는다고 전면 부정She doesn’t go out with any boys.(…
 
1. 전통보수형: A teacher should respect his students.2. 원리원칙형: A teacher should respect his or her students.3. 페미니즘형: A teacher should respect her students.4. 주류대세형: A teacher should respect their students.5. 원만무난형: Teachers should respect their students.저자 이장원
 
1. 무관성 Whether you are rich or poor, beautiful or ugly, young or old, cancer knows no boundaries.People who work together will win, whether it be against complex football defenses, or the problems of modern society.2. 목적 I want them to let me get off work on time so that I can enjoy my personal life.Don’t be too sweet lest you be eaten up; don’t be…
 
1. 시간Sarah got into the Julliard School when she was just six years old.In the dark, his mother cut rice cake while he was writing calligraphy.2. 이유 An object falls to the ground because the gravity of the Earth attracts it to the surface of the Earth.You can’t do without philosophy since everything has its hidden meaning we must know. 3. 양보 Though…
 
명사절 접속사명사적으로 쓰이는 that절It’s important that you read many books.The problem is that you don’t read many books.I believe (that) everything happens for a reason.형용사가 거느리는 that절I was confident that I would pass the driving test, but I was disappointed that I didn’t.We can never be sure that the opinion we are endeavoring to stifle is a false opinion, an…
 
등위 접속사: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS)다른 단어도 등위 접속사 기능을 하는 경우도 있음.ex) I’d love to come, only I have to work.Don’t drink and drive, because you may hit a bump and spill the drink.He’s so rich and lives like a beggar.Peter, Paul, and Mary vs. Peter, Paul and MaryI couldn’t sleep last night at all, but I’m not tired.Everything changes but c…
 
1. dustSam dusted the table with a rag.Sam dusted the table with some flour.2. sanctionThe West has placed strict economic sanctions on North Korea.Many people do not know they need official sanction to fly drones.3. fastHe made the boat fast.The boat was stuck fast in the mud.She is fast asleep.4. rent, leaseI rented it from him.I rented it to him…
 
Sleeping in my room, a fire alarm went off.-> While I was sleeping in my room, a fire alarm went off.Seeing from a distance, the rock looks like the head of a dragon.-> Seen from a distance, the rock looks like the head of a dragon.His favorite toy was broken by someone, making him very upset.Don’t knock it till you try it. Once tasting it, you mig…
 
Tom’s girlfriend, dressed in luxurious clothes, looked rich.The Eiffel Tower, built in 1889, attracts many tourists from all over the world.The Eiffel Tower, which was built in 1889, attracts many tourists from all over the world.Built in 1889, the Eiffel Tower attracts many tourists from all over the world.There are many Beths in the world, shy an…
 
어법상 옳은 것은?① Of the billions of stars in the galaxy, how much are able to hatch life?② The Christmas party was really excited and I totally lost track of time.③ I must leave right now because I am starting work at noon today.④ They used to loving books much more when they were younger.밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은?Among her most prized possessions sold dur…
 
1. Smoking by mothers is linked to a higher risk of their babies developing asthma in childhood.There are many children playing in the park. (현재분사)I am against minors smoking cigarettes. (동명사)2. It is derived from the Latin word ‘cor’ meaning ‘heart.’Animals eating meat are called carnivores.Animals that eat meat are called carnivores.Animals that …
 
candy: 설탕이 다량 포함된 과자,사탕류를 가리키며, 초콜렛이 포함된 것도 candy에 속함.candy bar는 대개 초코바를 가리킴glamorous: 매혹적인, 화려한 Wow, you are looking glamorous today! (너 오늘 스타일 멋지다!)soul food: 아프리카계 미국인들의 전통 음식comfort food: 추억과 향수를 불러일으키는 음식, 그리운 음식, 정든 음식Baseball is as American as apple pie.a la mode : fashionable, trendy (유행인, 요즘 핫한) + (미국영어에서) 아이스크림을 곁들인…
 
1. participle의 어원: (라틴어 문법에서) a noun-adjective, 명사와 같이 수, 성, 격에 따른 변화를 한다는 점에서, 즉 명사와 특성을 ‘공유’한다는 점에서 붙여짐. 영어에서는 이러한 특성이 적용되지는 않지만, ‘두 품사의 기능을 공유한다’는 점, ‘즉 어느 하나의 품사로 환원해서 설명할 수 없다’는 넓은 취지에서 participle이라고 함.2. 현재분사와 동명사 –ing의 명사적 기능은 동명사로 그 외 여러 기능은 현재분사로 분류.3. 분사는 형용사적 기능과 동사적 기능을 함. 어느 정도 선명하게 기능을 나누어 볼 수 있는 경우도 있으나. 복합적인 기능을 하기 때문에 어느 하나의 품사로 환원…
 
A: Are you drunk?B: No, I’m just a little tipsy.A: Are you drunk?B: No, I’m barely buzzed.A: I don’t wanna drink with him any more.B: Why not?A: He’s a mean drunk. When he was wasted last night, he yelled at other people like a crazy man.A: Would you like one more drink?B: No, thanks. I don’t wanna get hammered.…
 
Labor argues that layoffs not be made easier.Capital insists that the minimum wage not increase.He suggested that the President pardon imprisoned chaebol chiefs for the economic development and the social integration.We demand that legal justice be impartial to the wealthy and the poor.A: Mr. Chairperson, I move that the meeting be adjourned for tw…
 
whisky와 whiskey 차이.Johney Walker Black on the rocks, please.Double Johney Walker Black on the rocks, please.Johney Walker Black neat, please.A shot of Johney Walker Black neat, please.Double Johney Walker Black neat, please.Jack Daniel's neat with a water back, please.Double Johney Walker Black on the rocks with a Heineken chaser.boilermaker, bomb …
 
1. If + S + shouldIf there should be any changes, please let me know.2. If + S + happen toIf you happen to encounter a bear, you should not make any suddent moves.3. If + S + were toIf the world were to end tomorrow, I would still plant an apple tree today.4. If + S + willIf people will not speak up for other people's rights, there will come a day …
 
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